Bulgaria competed in the first Olympic tournament at Tokyo 1964, finishing fifth. They took the silver medal at Moscow 1980 and came joint-fifth again at Beijing 2008, before securing a fourth place at London 2012.

In their first appearance in the World Championship in 1949, they won the bronze medal, a feat they repeated in 1952, before climbing to silver in 1970. They won two more bronze medals in 1986 and 2006.  In addition, they have one bronze from the 2007 FIVB World Cup, as well as four bronze and a silver at the European Championship.

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Historically, Bulgaria have a strong track record and they have been regular participants in
the World League since 1994, when they finished fourth - a position they held four more times since (2004, 2006, 2012 and 2013).

Their 2018 record included an 11th place in the inaugural FIVB Volleyball Nations League on a 6-9 record, followed by 11th place in the FIVB World Championship, which they co-hosted together with Italy. They have 12th place in the last 2019 edition of VNL.